Augmented And Virtual Reality For Safety Training
New shiny technologies, especially super rich and immersive ones like VR and AR can be alluring. But it’s important to keep it real and see when they are really needed, when they can add true value to safety training. Let’s understand some considerations for their use – and see 2 infallible tests!
Why You Need To Consider Using Augmented And Virtual Reality For Safety Training?
Safety is an increasingly important preoccupation for most industries. Whether in aviation, medicine, or facilities management, the ability to respond to a threat appropriately and immediately is critical.
Traditional eLearning certainly offers the theoretical teaching support that employees can draw on to learn what they have to do and how to do it. But when the question of practice comes up, traditional eLearning can be inadequate.
What would some of these instances look like? Typically, the instances would be when the required response involves behavioral or gestural reactions whose performance is complicated by environmentally generated threats and challenges. That sounds pretty involved, doesn’t it? But it actually includes straightforward scenarios (like reacting to a violent crime at a workplace) and the more extraordinary situations (like defusing a bomb).
And obviously, in both of those situations, you wouldn’t want someone who is a novice to respond. You necessarily need a fluid, conditioned response where the correct behavior comes spontaneously without hesitation or fumbling. The stakes of these situations are very high: you cannot afford to have apprentices moving through their learning curve because of the magnitude of impact of mistakes.
That’s where the evolution of technologies, the ability to weave in practice through rich Augmented or Virtual Reality environments, is hugely helpful. Using these, your learners can actually practice handling escalating levels of exercises in safe but otherwise realistic environments until they are mission-ready.
So let’s seriously consider AR/VR as an option. Probably nobody in training needs to be sold on the benefits that especially VR technology can offer. But also probably nobody in training is kidding themselves that their enterprise is going to purchase VR headsets and similar hardware! There are pragmatic considerations like costs, number of learners, business impact of training, business risk, or cost incurred due to the situation, commonness of the situation, etc.
Basically you need to make a case-by-case judgment call. Here are 2 effective tests to help you get started.
If you can do it barefoot on a white sofa – you don’t need VR!
- So let’s proceed on the assumption you have a worthy case before you. How would VR help? Let’s take the ‘defusing a bomb’ thing as an example.
- You don’t need to incur the expense of purchasing the physical objects you would otherwise need in your training simulation (e.g. the fake bomb that goes ‘pfffff’ and releases smoke if you’ve made a wrong move).
- You don’t have the recurring expense of replacing those physical (probably custom-made) objects for each batch of learners (because you can’t economize on each person getting the ‘pfffff’ feedback).
- You can control, customize, and even change up the environment more efficiently (the bomb can go ‘pfffff’, squirt paint, and release smoke and tick at an increasing volume up to detonation point).
- Your learners can wear the headset anywhere to access the training, not just have to be physically at the training simulation room you’ve created (on-demand ‘pfffff’, who would’ve thunk!).
Brilliant. But none of that is cheap, is it? What if you’ve something slightly less sophisticated in mind for a case less critical. Let’s say you just want employees to be able to look around an operating theater or nuclear plant and spot all the slip, trip, and fall hazards. You can’t possibly create the hazards in real life to make it a low-cost training effort. You can’t afford VR. So you consider the poor man’s VR, AR.
With AR, you have a much less complex technology platform to work with. You can deploy the AR layer to be triggered through even a lowly smart phone, so you don’t have such exorbitant hardware costs either.
Are there any particular virtues or merits that AR could offer over its way cooler cousin? Why yes, instead of seeing a generic reactor virtual room (a “vroom”?!), your learners could see a plant-specific, more contextually realistic practice area. They would be less of a hazard to themselves and others as well as they walked around trying to spot the next threat when they’re taking up the training on the job.
And that, right there, is the essence of mobility. It can be as complex or as simple as you need it to be. The question is really ‘what is appropriate’, not just ‘what is possible’. For the state of technology we have and how rapidly that’s evolving, asking yourself what’s possible may in fact be misleading. It simply makes the most pragmatic sense to see what it is you really need – and why – to focus the training design.
*The above content was written and published on eLearningIndustry
An example of VR Safety Training from Bit Space Development Ltd.
The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 2085 in partnership with the boilermakers, pipefitters, painters and other affiliated unions of the Manitoba Building and Construction Trades Council developed a series of virtual reality (VR) resources for youth and new entrants in construction. These resources included: Slips and Trips, Falls; Electrocution; Struck By Objects; Caught in Between; Noise; Asphyxiation; Fire and Explosion; Elements of Weather Conditions; Toxicity from Exposures; and Ergonomics.
BIT Space Development provided the technology for this project. The technology allows a user to virtually explore the workplace through a 360 degree lens using a cell phone and an Oculus headset. Learn more HERE.